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arrow Allergies

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction the extreme end of the allergic spectrum. Being a systemic disease, the whole body gets affected, usually within seconds or minutes of exposure to the allergen but sometimes only after a few hours.

Every type of allergen is capable of causing Anaphylaxis but foods, insect stings and drugs are the common culprits.

What are the symptoms?

Any or all of the following may be present:

  • Swelling of the throat and mouth

  • Difficulty in swallowing or speaking

  • Difficulty in breathing due to asthma or throat swelling

  • Hives anywhere on the body, especially large hives

  • Generalized flushing of the skin

  • Abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting

  • Sudden feeling of weakness ( drop in blood pressure)

  • Sense of impending doom, followed by collapse and unconsciousness.



If any of the above symptoms were to happen to you rush to your nearest major hospital where full resuscitational facilities are available. Once better, contact your physician or allergist to prevent this from happening again or you may not have a second chance.

Strict management plans are necessary:


  • Wear a Medi-Alert bracelet

  • Carry an adrenalin injection / inhaler (Epi-Pen / Medihaler Epi) -MSAI has recently got the government approval for these to be imported legally into Malaysia.

  • Inform all family/ staff / and school staff about what to do if anaphylaxis occurs.
    (MSAI will soon be carrying all appropriate training manuals / videos)

  • Precautionary measures must be taken for allergen avoidance.


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